According to NYC foot and ankle surgeon Lady Paula DeJesus, DPM, AACFAS, the most common types of dance-related foot and ankle problems are overuse injuries, which occur due to the repetitive movements in dance. “Over 50 percent of dance injuries occur in the foot and ankle. The severity of the damage is determined by a patient’s age, strength and flexibility and the type of shoes worn when dancing,” said Dr. DeJesus.
Other common types of injuries related to dancing can include:
1. stress fractures (hairline breaks in the bone) from repeated jumping and landing
2. foot neuromas (thickening/irritation of the nerves in the ball of the foot) resulting from repetitive pivoting
3. shin splints (pain and swelling in the front of the lower legs) which can be aggravated by recurring activities
4. tendonitis (inflammation of the tendons in the foot) from over exertion
5. corns, calluses or blisters—all painful skin irritations resulting from repeated rubbing of the skin on the feet.
With dancing being repetitively hard on the lower extremities, how can dancers of any level protect their feet and ankles? The best defense to injury is prevention. Dancers should wear appropriate shoes to properly support their feet and ankles as well as perform dance moves with their individual skill levels in mind.
When an injury does occur, prompt medical attention by a foot and ankle surgeon can make all the difference in a proper rehabilitation. “Most dance injuries can be treated with conservative care as long as they are addressed early and not ignored,” Dr. DeJesus adds. “Many people dispel foot pain if they can walk on the foot, but it is important to remember it is possible to walk on a seriously injured foot. Plus, common injuries, if left untreated, may require surgical intervention to ensure proper healing.”
If you are suffering from foot or ankle pain, call Dr. DeJesus’ office at 718-545-0205 for an assessment.
For more information on foot and ankle conditions, visit the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons’ Web site, FootHealthFacts.org.